Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities between the Youth of Dinka Bor and Murle Communities

Country/entity
South Sudan
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities between the Youth of Dinka Bor and Murle Communities
Date
23/05/2017
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Sudan Conflicts (1955 - )
Agreements relate to several distinct dyads, and also the negotiated independence of South Sudan, and subsequent internal conflict in South Sudan. Sudan-South Sudan. The long-standing conflict between the north and the south of the country dates back to colonial times, where the British introduced a so-called ‘Southern Policy’, severely hampering population movements between these big regions. Immediately after gaining independence in 1956, southern movements started to fight for independence; this fight became professionalised in 1983 with the foundation of the soon internationally supported Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). When the Islamic Front government introduced strict sharia laws in the south after it took over power in 1988 the war intensified. A decade later, the military situation reached a stalemate, enabling internationally facilitated peace negotiations to begin in 1997. After more fighting, a final negotiation push began in 2002, leading to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Areement (CPA) in January 2005.

Sudan-South Sudan post referendum. South Sudan became independent in July 2011; since then, relations between the two countries are complicated and violent conflict led by the SPLM (North) in the Sudanese Nuba mountains region has since intensified.

Darfur. Other long-standing violent conflicts are in the east and the west of the country. In the east, the Beja Congress, established in 1957, is the spearhead of a currently ‘peaceful’ opposition movement. In the west, the violent conflict in Darfur intensified in the early 2000s and rapidly gained international attention, even resulting in genocide charges against leading figures of the Sudanese government. The situation on the ground is complex, with over a dozen organisations (most notably the Sudanese Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement) fighting the Sudanese government and allied groups like the Janjaweed – although all parties have switched sides on numerous occasions. Several mediation attempts have not been successful, due to the shaky commitment of the Sudanese central government and the distrust among the armed opposition.

South Sudan- internal. Post independence, conflict broke out between groups in South Sudan and agreements were reached addressing this conflict.

Sudan Conflicts (1955 - ) )
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Ceasefire)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
116: South Sudan post-secession process
Parties
Hon. Sultan Ismail Konyi, Governor of Boma
Hon. Philip AguerPangyan, State Governor of Jonglei State
Third parties
Hon. Chuol Rambang, Chairperson of the South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission
Hon. Michael Chiangjiek, Minister of Interior
Hon Tuk Gatluak, Presidential Adviser on Security Affairs
H.E David Shearer, Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations
Description
This agreement commits the Dinka Bor and Murle communities to cease hostilities and create a committee to ensure compliance.

Agreement document
SS_170523_Agreement on cessation of hostilities between the youth of Dinka Bor and Murle Communities.pdf

Main category
Page 1,
Article III Composition and Mandate of the Committee
1. The committee on cessation of hostilities shall be composed of:

h. Three women leaders from each community;

Page 2,
Article III Composition and Mandate of the Committee
2. The Committee shall ensure:
a. Immediately cessation of hostilities;
e. Collection and return of abducted children and women within one month

Page 2,
Article V The Return of Abducted Women, Children and Cattle
The warring communities have agreed to collect the abducted, women, children and cattle and hand them over to the National High-Level Commission which shall, in turn, handover the same to their original community of belonging. The TGoNU shall for an investigation committee to investigate into the conflict between Dinka Bor and Murie communities.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, Article III Composition and Mandate of the Committee
1. The committee on cessation of hostilities shall be composed of:

h. Three women leaders from each community;
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 2, Article III Composition and Mandate of the Committee
2. The Committee shall ensure:
... e. Collection and return of abducted children and women within one month
Transitional justice
Prisons, prisoner release
Page 2, Article III Composition and Mandate of the Committee
2. The Committee shall ensure:
... e. Collection and return of abducted children and women within one month

Page 2, Article V The Return of Abducted Women, Children and Cattle
The warring communities have agreed to collect the abducted, women, children and cattle and hand them over to the National High-Level Commission which shall, in turn, handover the same to their original community of belonging. The TGoNU shall for an investigation committee to investigate into the conflict between Dinka Bor and Murie communities.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh