Central African Republic
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Le Préfet du Mbomou: Richard NOUIDEMONA
Le Sous-Préfet du Bangassou: Richard NOUIDEMONA
Le Maire de la ville de Bangassou: Theophile DEMBA
Pour les autodéfenses: LINET Roger
Pour les déplacés du site de petit seminaire Saint Louis de Bangassou: HAMAMAT Abdoulaye
Pour l'organisation des femmes centrafricaines (OFCA) Bangassou: Mme LIBERG
Pour les chefs de groupes et de quartiers: BABROU Dieudonne
Pour la plateforme des confessions religieuses de Bangassou: KONDAKOUA-BE Rodolphe
Pour les fonctionnaires: Mr GUIARA Linferge
Pour les députés de Mbomou: NDAGUIAMA Paul
Pour les humanitaires: MODI-NZOULE Perrin
Pour la MINUSCA Bangassou: [illegible]
Pour la jeunesse: MISSET Fred
Pour les opérateurs économiques: DIARRA Philippe
Pour la societe civile: KOTALIMBORA Jose-Christian
Third parties
Dialogue organised by the Monitoring Committee of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement
A short multi-parties agreements that addresses demands from the displaced population of a small seminary site in Bangassou; provides additional provisions to the Bangassou Peace Accord signed on April 09, 2018: Road reopening; Repatriation of mercenaries; Increased access to health and education; Reconstruction and rehabilitation of the homes of refugees and IDPs; Implementation of a criminal justice system; Promotion of Traditional leadership; Creation of a culture of peace; Facilitation of the free movement of all communities around the IDP site; Advocacy for job creation; Demilitarisation and cessation of hostilities; Fair distribution of medical kits; Aid the monitoring committee with financial and material means; Foster social cohesion, cohabitation and reconciliation.

Agreement document
CF_180605_Recommandations_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_180605_Recommandations.pdf []

Main category
Page 1, 2 TO MINUSCA
The training of authorities, economic operators, youth and women in creating a culture of peace and in the prevention and management of rumors,

Page 2, Signatory parties:...
Pour l'organisation des femmes centrafricaines (OFCA) Bangassou: Mme LIBERG

Women, girls and gender

No specific mention.
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
No specific mention.
Signing or witnessing agreement
Page 2, Signatory parties:...
Pour l'organisation des femmes centrafricaines (OFCA) Bangassou: Mme LIBERG
The training of authorities, economic operators, youth and women in creating a culture of peace and in the prevention and management of rumors,

The University of Edinburgh