Accord de la Paix Locale

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Accord de la Paix Locale
Date
15/10/2018
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Parties
UPC [signature not legibile]
Autodefense Groups [signature not legibile]
Third parties
Witnesses [signatures not legibile]
Description
A short local agreement between the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UCP) and autodefense groups in the Basse-Lotto area aimed at stopping the fighting between the groups. Agreement provides mostly rhetorical provisions on respecting the resolution of the state authorities, free movement of people and goods, easing congestions, and human rights, among others.

Agreement document
CF_181015_Accord_de_la_Paix_Locale_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_181015_Accord_de_la_Paix_Locale.pdf []

Main category
Page 1, ... Considering the meeting between all the local political and administrative leaders, the religious leaders, the NGOs, the two armed groups, the women and young people organizations, held 15 September 2018 at the ELIM church in the center of Mobaye, as part of the peace process.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Other
Page 1, ... Considering the meeting between all the local political and administrative leaders, the religious leaders, the NGOs, the two armed groups, the women and young people organizations, held 15 September 2018 at the ELIM church in the center of Mobaye, as part of the peace process.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh