P'Comite de Suivi de la Accord de Paix et de Reconciliation Bangassou

Central African Republic
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
P'Comite de Suivi de la Accord de Paix et de Reconciliation Bangassou
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
The deputy prefect of Bangassou
Third parties
The agreement is a summary of meetings of the monitoring committee that is overseeing an agreement to re-establish peace in Bangassou. The summary was prepared by the deputy prefect of Banassou.

Agreement document
CF_181129_PComite_de_Suivi_de_LAccord_de_Paix_et_de_Reconciliation_Bangassou_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_181129_PComite_de_Suivi_de_LAccord_de_Paix_et_de_Reconciliation_Bangassou.pdf []

Main category
Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.

Women, girls and gender

No specific mention.
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
No specific mention.
No specific mention.
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh