Joint Peace Committee Meeting Resolution (Payinjiar, Yirol and Rumbek-Amongpiny)

Country/entity
South Sudan
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Joint Peace Committee Meeting Resolution (Payinjiar, Yirol and Rumbek-Amongpiny)
Date
16/05/2018
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Sudan Conflicts (1955 - )
Agreements relate to several distinct dyads, and also the negotiated independence of South Sudan, and subsequent internal conflict in South Sudan. Sudan-South Sudan. The long-standing conflict between the north and the south of the country dates back to colonial times, where the British introduced a so-called ‘Southern Policy’, severely hampering population movements between these big regions. Immediately after gaining independence in 1956, southern movements started to fight for independence; this fight became professionalised in 1983 with the foundation of the soon internationally supported Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). When the Islamic Front government introduced strict sharia laws in the south after it took over power in 1988 the war intensified. A decade later, the military situation reached a stalemate, enabling internationally facilitated peace negotiations to begin in 1997. After more fighting, a final negotiation push began in 2002, leading to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Areement (CPA) in January 2005.

Sudan-South Sudan post referendum. South Sudan became independent in July 2011; since then, relations between the two countries are complicated and violent conflict led by the SPLM (North) in the Sudanese Nuba mountains region has since intensified.

Darfur. Other long-standing violent conflicts are in the east and the west of the country. In the east, the Beja Congress, established in 1957, is the spearhead of a currently ‘peaceful’ opposition movement. In the west, the violent conflict in Darfur intensified in the early 2000s and rapidly gained international attention, even resulting in genocide charges against leading figures of the Sudanese government. The situation on the ground is complex, with over a dozen organisations (most notably the Sudanese Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement) fighting the Sudanese government and allied groups like the Janjaweed – although all parties have switched sides on numerous occasions. Several mediation attempts have not been successful, due to the shaky commitment of the Sudanese central government and the distrust among the armed opposition.

South Sudan - internal
In December 2013, after president Salva Kiir accused opposition leader Riek Machar of attempting a coup, violent conflict broke out between government forces of the SPLM/A and anti-governmental groups. In addition, several other political militias as well as communal militias have joined the conflict. In 2015 the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) was signed. Due to unsuccessful implementation the agreement was revitalized in 2018. In September 2019, Kiir and Machar agreed to establish a power-sharing government after struggles on forming a unity transitional government.
Sudan Conflicts (1955 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
151: South Sudan: Post-secession Local agreements
Parties
Signed on behalf of Payinjiar, Yirol and Amongpiny this 16th Day of May, 2018 in Ganyliel
1. Paramount Chief Gordon Chieny Mayom, Payinjiar Community
2. Paramount Chief Andrew Mdut Buoi, Yirol Community
3. Mr. Buong Lau Chath, Youth Representative Amongpiny
Third parties
Description
The agreement is a result of a joint peace committee meeting amongst representatives from Payinjiar, Yirol and Amongpiny. The agreement resolutions commit these communities to a range of actions and are part of an effort to end violence and cattle raiding.

Agreement document
SS_180516_Joint Peace Committee Meeting Resolution (Payinjiar, Yirol and Rumbek-Amongpiny).pdf []

Main category
Page 1
Chiefs, Church representatives, Elders, women and youth leaders from Payinjiar, Yirol and Amongpiny have met in the Joint Peace Committee meeting in Ganyliel under the auspices of AMA. The meeting has established Resolutions, and declared that border grazing lands and fishing ground that was abandoned due to inter-communal insecurity or conflict, shall be available immediately as shared resources between community of Payinjiar and Yirol shall be settled and utilized peacefully and harmoniously.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Signing or witnessing agreement
Page 1
Chiefs, Church representatives, Elders, women and youth leaders from Payinjiar, Yirol and Amongpiny have met in the Joint Peace Committee meeting in Ganyliel under the auspices of AMA. The meeting has established Resolutions, and declared that border grazing lands and fishing ground that was abandoned due to inter-communal insecurity or conflict, shall be available immediately as shared resources between community of Payinjiar and Yirol shall be settled and utilized peacefully and harmoniously.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh