Union Accord Part III (Pyidaungsu Accord)

Country/entity
Myanmar
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Union Accord Part III (Pyidaungsu Accord)
Date
21/08/2020
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Myanmar Conflict (1948 - )
Internal conflict, mostly along ethno-political fault lines, has been a constant feature of Myanmar since its independence in 1948. The conflict has two distinct dynamics. First a struggle between an authoritarian government and a pro-democracy opposition which has the characteristics of authoritarian conflicts; and second a stuggle between the government and ethnic armed groups which has the characteristics of an identity conflict. The two oldest and strongest militias fighting the government are the Karen National Union (KNU), which has remained active since the late 1940s, and the Kachin Independence Organisation, which was formed in the early 1960s. In total, here are more than a dozen mostly ethnic-based guerrilla groups active throughout the country. Especially in the period of junta dictatorship that lasted until 2011 the government attempted to crush the rebellions, which led to numerous human rights violations. With the start of democratic reforms in the aftermath of the 2010 elections, peace negotiations have taken place and resulted in the signing of various agreements, although conflicts remain active.

Myanmar Conflict (1948 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
164: Myanmar 21st Century Panglong Process
A peace process across military, NLD, and Ethnic Armed Organisation to reach progress on democracy and peace.
Parties
Dr. Tin Myo Win 
Representative of the Government Group 

Dr. May Win Myint 
Representative of the Hluttaw Group 

Lt-Gen Tin Maug Win 
Representative of the Tatmadaw Group 

Lian Hmung Sakhong 
Representative of the Ethnic Armed Organization Group 

U Thu Wai 
Representative of the Political Parties Group 

U Htone Phoo Dagon
Ethnic Representative Government Group

U Kyaw Win 
Relevant Representative of the Government Group 

Kya Sha Mwe 
Ethnic Representative Ethnic Armed Organization Group

Daw Khin Ma Ma Myo 
Relevant Representative of Ethnic Armed Organization Group 

U Zein Khan Ram 
Ethnic Representative Political Parties Group 

Nang Aye Aye Thwe 
Relevant Representative of the Political Parties Group 
Third parties
Description
This agreement between the government, the military, and ethnic armed organisations sets core principles which the implementation of the National Ceasefire Agreement is to follow, including: democracy, federalism, cultural, religious, and language rights of ethnic groups.

Agreement document
MM_200821_Union_Accord_Part_III_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
MM_200821_Union_Accord_Part_III.pdf []

Main category
Page 2:
2. To prohibit discrimination based on nationality, religion, culture and gender against all the citizens residing in the Union, while ensuring equal rights.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 2:
2. To prohibit discrimination based on nationality, religion, culture and gender against all the citizens residing in the Union, while ensuring equal rights.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

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