Reconciliation pact between the North-Eastern communities (Vakaga, Bamingui-Bangoran, Haute-Kotto)

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Reconciliation pact between the North-Eastern communities (Vakaga, Bamingui-Bangoran, Haute-Kotto)
Date
10/11/2020
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Parties
Representatives of Vakaga
Amgabo Moustapha (Sultan mayor)
Adramane Ramadane (Kara)
Ibrahim Abdoulaye (Goula)
Oumar Garba (Haoussa)
Abakar Yaya (Rounga)
Adam Idriss (Youlou)
Assane Amadou (Foulata)
Abdoulaye Tidjiane (Bornou)


Representatives of Haute-Kotto
Samba Rene Valentin (Banda)
Atahir Ali (Arabe)
Yaya Idriss Doungouss (Rounga)
Djouma Felix (Sara)
Assane Zakaria (Kara)
Ibrahim Ahamat (Goula)
Ahamat Aliou (Peul)
Dalkia Gilbert (Ndoka)
Blitchi Rosalie (women)
Balekouzou Maurice (mayor)
Aboubakar Siddick Ali (Bornou)

Representatives of Bamingui-Bangoran
Senoussi Ibrahim (Sultan mayor)
Yacoub Ibrahim (Rounga)
Mahamat Kamiss (Ndoka)
Makossa Bangui Pierre (Banda)
Hamat Driwich
Moussa Ngade Daniel (Sara)
Atahir Hamdan (Arab)
Outmane Amine (Djeme)
Senoussi Fatime (women)
Ahmat Moussa (youth)
Third parties
Description
In this agreement, the representatives of the local communities in Bamingui-Bangoran, Vakaga, and Haute-Kotto commit to resolving differences peacefully, maintaining the mobility for people and goods, ending violence and cruelty towards women, ending summary and extrajudicial executions. Additionally, they also make demands towards the Government, armed groups, and the guarantors and facilitators of the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (for list of demands, see 'Important Provisions').

Agreement document
CF_201110_Reconciliation pact between the North-Eastern communities (Vakaga, Bamingui-Bangoran, Haute-Kotto)_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_201110_Reconciliation pact between the North-Eastern communities (Vakaga, Bamingui-Bangoran, Haute-Kotto).pdf []

Main category
Page 1:
We agree as follows:
...
•    To end violence and cruel treatment against women;

Page 3:
Signatory parties
Representatives of Haute-Kotto
...
Blitchi Rosalie (women)


Representatives of Bamingui-Bangoran
...
Senoussi Fatime (women)

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 1:
We agree as follows:
...
• To end violence and cruel treatment against women;
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Signing or witnessing agreement
Page 3:
Signatory parties
Representatives of Haute-Kotto
...
Blitchi Rosalie (women)


Representatives of Bamingui-Bangoran
...
Senoussi Fatime (women)
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh