Agreement on a Firm and Lasting Peace

Country/entity
Guatemala
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Agreement on a Firm and Lasting Peace
Date
29/12/1996
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996)
Civil war broke out in Guatemala when numerous leftist and agrarian groups took up arms in 1960 in face of the repression from the conservative regime of Carlos Castillo Armas. The Armas regime came to power in 1954 following a CIA-backed coup against the leftist government of Jacobo Arbenz. The main rebel umbrella was the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG). During the civil war numerous counts of genocide and mass disappearances occurred. In the late 1980s, when a civilian government came to power, the URNG changed tactics when releasing that they wouldn’t come to power through armed conflict. The war came to an end on December 29, 1996, and since then URNG converted to an official political party.

Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
51: Guatemala peace process
Parties
For the Government of Guatemala:

(Signed) Gustavo PORRAS CASTEJON

(Signed) Otto PEREZ-MOLINA, Brigadier-General

(Signed) Raquel ZELAYA ROSALES

(Signed) Richard AITKENHEAD CASTILLO


For the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca:

(Signed) Ricardo RAMÍREZ DE LÉON (Commander Rolando MÓRAN)

(Signed) Jorge Ismael SOTO GARCÍA (Commander Pablo MONSANTO)

(Signed) Ricardo ROSALES ROMÁN (Carlos GONZÁLES)

(Signed) Jorge Edilberto ROSAL MELÉNDEZ


For the United Nations:
(Signed) Boutros BOUTROS-GHALI
Third parties
Description
The final peace agreement bringing together all previous agreements and binding them into an agenda for peace. These previous agreements (see 'Other agreements section) constitute integral parts of this final Peace Agreement but are coded as separate agreements.

Agreement document
GT_961229_AgreementOnFirmAndLastingPeace.pdf

Main category
Page 4, Annex II, I. Concepts,
7. The genuine participation of citizens - both men and women - from all sectors of society is essential for achieving social justice and economic growth. The State must broaden these opportunities for participation and strengthen its own role as guiding force of national development, lawmaker, source of public investment, provider of basic services and promoter of social consensus and settlement of disputes. To that end, it must raise fiscal revenues and, as a matter of priority, channel public spending towards social investment.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Preamble:
7. The genuine participation of citizens - both men and women - from all sectors of society is essential for achieving social justice and economic growth. The State must broaden these opportunities for participation and strengthen its own role as guiding force of national development, lawmaker, source of public investment, provider of basic services and promoter of social consensus and settlement of disputes. To that end, it must raise fiscal revenues and, as a matter of priority, channel public spending towards social investment.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh