This conflict involves Israelis and Palestinians over territory and belonging and has long historical antecedents. The agreements post-1990 are between the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) and Israel, with some supporting inter-state agreements (i.e. between Israel and Jordan). More recently the importance of the once dominating Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) has diminished not in the least due to the effective disappearance of its left-wing members and the loss of the popularity of their political wing, Fatah. Hamas and other Islamic groups have attained significant relevance in Fatah’s stead, with Hamas controlling the Gaza strip (from which Israel ultimately unilaterally withdrew (not coded as a peace agreement).
Geo-political implications of the conflict have been considerable across the MENA region.
Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation
Agreement is part of the Oslo I Process, agreeing to the gradual dissolution of powers from the Israeli military's Civil Administration to the Palestinian Authority. Agreement outlines, the legislative powers of the PA, the structure and role of law enforcement, the rights, liabilities and obligations of the PA, budgetary issues and mutual commitments.
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