Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups uprooted by the Armed Conflict

Country/entity
Guatemala
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups uprooted by the Armed Conflict
Date
17/06/1994
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996)
Civil war broke out in Guatemala when numerous leftist and agrarian groups took up arms in 1960 in face of the repression from the conservative regime of Carlos Castillo Armas. The Armas regime came to power in 1954 following a CIA-backed coup against the leftist government of Jacobo Arbenz. The main rebel umbrella was the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG). During the civil war numerous counts of genocide and mass disappearances occurred. In the late 1980s, when a civilian government came to power, the URNG changed tactics when releasing that they wouldn’t come to power through armed conflict. The war came to an end on December 29, 1996, and since then URNG converted to an official political party.

Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
51: Guatemala peace process
Parties
For the Government of the Republic of Guatemala
Signed by:

Héctor ROSADA GRANADOS
General Carlos Enrique PINEDA CARRANDA
Antonio ARENALES FORNO
General Julio Arnoldo BALCONI TURCIOS
Mario PERMUTH
General José Horacio SOTO SALAN
Amilcar BURGOS SOLIS

For the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, General Command,
Signed by:
Commander Rolando MORAN
Commander Pablo MONSANTO
Commander Gaspar ILOM
Carlos GONZALEZ
Third parties
'Political and Diplomatic Commission',
Signed:

Luis Felipe BECKER GUZMAN
Miguel Angel SANDOVAL
Francisco VILLAGRAN MUNOZ
Luz MENDEZ GUTIERREZ

Advisers
Signed by:
Mario Vinicio CASTAÑEDA
Miguel Angel REYES
Jorge ROSAL

For the United Nations
(Signed) Jean ARNAULT, Moderator
Description
Government committed to guaranteeing conditions necessary for safe return of internally displaced, including: promote return of land, and to involve returnees in design and implementation of a comprehensive reintegration plan. Government assumed responsibility for decentralisation and strengthening of municipal government. Parties requested UN help fund projects resulting from the accord. It also provides commitment to protect human rights, including the rights of women, children and indigenous peoples.

Agreement document
GT_940617_AgreementResettlementofPopulationGroups.pdf

Main category
Page 3, II. GUARANTEES FOR THE RESETTLEMENT OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS
2. Special emphasis should be placed on protecting female-headed families and widows and orphans, who have been the most seriously affected.

Page 7, III. PRODUCTIVE INTEGRATION OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESETTLEMENT AREAS
8. The Government undertakes to eliminate any form of de facto or de jure discrimination against women with regard to access to land, housing, credits and participation in development projects. The gender-based approach shall be incorporated into the policies, programmes and activities of the comprehensive development strategy.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Social equality
Page 9, III. PRODUCTIVE INTEGRATION OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESETTLEMENT AREAS
8. The Government undertakes to eliminate any form of de facto or de jure discrimination against women with regard to access to land, housing, credits and participation in development projects. The gender-based approach shall be incorporated into the policies, programmes and activities of the comprehensive development strategy.
Particular groups of women
Refugee/displaced women
Page 5, II. GUARANTEES FOR THE RESETTLEMENT OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS
2. Special emphasis should be placed on protecting female-headed families and widows and orphans, who have been the most seriously affected.
Other
Page 5, II. GUARANTEES FOR THE RESETTLEMENT OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS
2. Special emphasis should be placed on protecting female-headed families and widows and orphans, who have been the most seriously affected.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
General
Page 9, III. PRODUCTIVE INTEGRATION OF UPROOTED POPULATION GROUPS AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESETTLEMENT AREAS
8. The Government undertakes to eliminate any form of de facto or de jure discrimination against women with regard to access to land, housing, credits and participation in development projects. The gender-based approach shall be incorporated into the policies, programmes and activities of the comprehensive development strategy.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh