Agreement on the Implementation, Compliance and Verification Timetable for the Peace Agreements

Country/entity
Guatemala
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Agreement on the Implementation, Compliance and Verification Timetable for the Peace Agreements
Date
29/12/1996
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996)
Civil war broke out in Guatemala when numerous leftist and agrarian groups took up arms in 1960 in face of the repression from the conservative regime of Carlos Castillo Armas. The Armas regime came to power in 1954 following a CIA-backed coup against the leftist government of Jacobo Arbenz. The main rebel umbrella was the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG). During the civil war numerous counts of genocide and mass disappearances occurred. In the late 1980s, when a civilian government came to power, the URNG changed tactics when releasing that they wouldn’t come to power through armed conflict. The war came to an end on December 29, 1996, and since then URNG converted to an official political party.

Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
51: Guatemala peace process
Parties
For the Government of Guatemala:
Signed:

Gustavo PORRAS CASTEJON
Richard AITKENHEAD CASTILLO
Raquel ZELAYA ROSALES
Otto PEREZ MOLINA Brigadier General

For the Unidad Revolucionaria National Guatemalteca:
Signed:

Jorge E. ROSAL MELENDEZ
Ricardo RAMIREZ DE LEON (Commander Rolando MORÁN
Jorge Ismael SOTO GARCÍA (Commander Pablo MONSANTO)
Ricardo ROSALES ROMÁN (Carlos GONZÁLES)
Third parties
For the Untied Nations:
(Signed) Jean ARNAULT
Description
Provided guide for implementation of all commitments undertaken since 1994. Mandate of the Commission for Historical Clarification set for six months, with possibility of one extension. Requested that the UN establish a mission to verify all agreements.

Agreement document
GT_961229_AgreementOnImplementationForThePeaceAgreements.pdf

Main category
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997,
E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation,
Expansion of the National Agricultural Development Council
22. Strengthen and expand the participation of small farmers' organizations, rural women, indigenous organizations, cooperatives, producers' associations and non-governmental organizations in the National Agricultural Development Council (CONADEA), as the main mechanism for consultation, coordination and participation in the decision-making process for rural development.

Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997,
E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation,
Women's forum
29. Promote the convening of a women's forum on the commitments concerning women's rights and participation set out in the Peace Agreements.

Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, D. Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples,
Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights,
85. Set up an Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights, with the participation of such women, to provide, inter alia, legal advisory- services and social services.

Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation,
Participation of women in economic and social development,
88. Taking into account the results of the forum envisaged in paragraph 29 of this Agreement, follow up the commitments concerning women set out in the Peace Agreements.

Page 25, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, C. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation,
Schooling,
145. By the year 2000, provide access for all those between the ages of 7 and 12 to at least three years of schooling.

Page 26, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, C. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation,
Infant and maternal mortality,
151. By the year 2000, reduce infant and maternal mortality to 50 per cent of the 1995 rate.

Page 30, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, D. Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society,
Penal Code,
177. In accordance with the conclusions of the Commission on the Strengthening of the Justice System, sponsor and introduce in the Congress of the Republic amendments to the Penal Code that will:
... (b) Characterize sexual harassment as a crime;

Page 30, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, D. Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society,
Participation of women
178. Evaluate the progress made in women's participation and, on this basis, draw up the corresponding plan of action.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997, Women's forum
29. Promote the convening of a women's forum on the commitments concerning women's rights and participation set out in the Peace Agreements.

Page 30, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, D. Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society, Participation of women
178. Evaluate the progress made in women's participation and, on this basis, draw up the corresponding plan of action.
Equality
Social equality
Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, D. Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights
85. Set up an Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights, with the participation of such women, to provide, inter alia, legal advisory- services and social services.

Particular groups of women
Indigenous/nomadic women
Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, D. Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights
85. Set up an Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights, with the participation of such women, to provide, inter alia, legal advisory- services and social services.
Pregnancy/maternity
Infant and maternal mortality
151. By the year 2000, reduce infant and maternal mortality to 50 per cent of the 1995 rate.
Other
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997, E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation, Expansion of the National Agricultural Development Council:
22. Strengthen and expand the participation of small farmers' organizations, rural women, indigenous organizations, cooperatives, producers' associations and non-governmental organizations in the National Agricultural Development Council (CONADEA), as the main mechanism for consultation, coordination and participation in the decision-making process for rural development.
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997, Women's forum
29. Promote the convening of a women's forum on the commitments concerning women's rights and participation set out in the Peace Agreements.
New institutions
Institutions for women
Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, D. Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights:
85. Set up an Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women's Rights, with the participation of such women, to provide, inter alia, legal advisory- services and social services.
Infrastructure (general)
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997, Women's forum:
29. Promote the convening of a women's forum on the commitments concerning women's rights and participation set out in the Peace Agreements.

Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation, Participation of women in economic and social development:
88. Taking into account the results of the forum envisaged in paragraph 29 of this Agreement, follow up the commitments concerning women set out in the Peace Agreements.
Violence against women
Sexual violence
Page 30, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, D. Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society, Penal Code
177. In accordance with the conclusions of the Commission on the Strengthening of the Justice System, sponsor and introduce in the Congress of the Republic amendments to the Penal Code that will:
...
(b) Characterize sexual harassment as a crime;
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Judiciary, judicial reform
Page 30, ANNEX II, IV. TIMETABLE FOR 1998, 1999 AND 2000, D. Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society, Penal Code
177. In accordance with the conclusions of the Commission on the Strengthening of the Justice System, sponsor and introduce in the Congress of the Republic amendments to the Penal Code that will:
...
(b) Characterize sexual harassment as a crime;
Development
General
Page 9, ANNEX II, II. TIMETABLE FOR THE 90 DAYS FROM 15 JANUARY 1997 E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation, Expansion of the National Agricultural Development Council
22. Strengthen and expand the participation of small farmers' organizations, rural women, indigenous organizations, cooperatives, producers' associations and non-governmental organizations in the National Agricultural Development Council (CONADEA), as the main mechanism for consultation, coordination and participation in the decision-making process for rural development.

Page 18, ANNEX II, III. TIMETABLE FROM 15 APRIL TO 31 DECEMBER 1997, E. Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation, Participation of women in economic and social development
88. Taking into account the results of the forum envisaged in paragraph 29 of this Agreement, follow up the commitments concerning women set out in the Peace Agreements.
Health (general)
Infant and maternal mortality
151. By the year 2000, reduce infant and maternal mortality to 50 per cent of the 1995 rate.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh