Bougainville Peace Agreement

Country/entity
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Bougainville Peace Agreement
Date
30/08/2001
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Bougainville Conflict (1987 - 1998)
The conflict on Bougainville, an island under the jurisdiction of Papua New Guinea (PNG), began in 1987 as a dispute over compensation for the use of land by Bougainville Copper Ltd, a an Australian subsidiary. The underlying issue of independence soon emerged and the conflict escalated between the government of PNG and the native islanders, in turn spearheaded by the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA). Until fighting ended in 1998, an estimated 20,000 died in the conflict. Several pre-negotiation agreements culminated in an agreement to a ‘permanent and irrevocable’ ceasefire, and a framework for normalizing the PNG-Bourgainville relationship, which included elections.

Bougainville Conflict (1987 - 1998) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
10: Bougainville: peace process
Parties
Hon. Sir Mekere Morauta, Kt MP Prime Minister; Hon. John L. Momis MP, Governor, Bougainville Interim Provincial Government; Hon. Moi Avei, Minister for Bougainville Affairs; Joseph Kabui, President, Bougainville People's Congress; Hon. M. Ogio, Deputy Prime Minister, MP for North Bougainville; Hon. M. Laimo, MP for South Bougainville; Hon. S. Akoitai, MP for Central Bougainville; Mr. J. Ranam, Chairman, Leitana Council of Edlders; Mr. G. Sinato, Deputy Governor, Bougainville Interim Provincial Government; Mr. T. Anis, Vice-President, Bougainville People's Congress; Mr. J. Tanis, Vice-President, Bougainville People's Congress; Ishmael Toroama, Chief of Defence, Bougainville Revolutionary Army; Hilary Masiria, Chairman, Bougainville Resistance Forces; Mrs. Ruby Mirinka, Representative of Bougainville Women
Third parties
Witnesses: Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Solomon Islands, UNOMB (United Nations Observer Mission to Bougainville)
Description
Lengthy and comprehensive agreement providing for an autonomous Bougainville government with full provision on how powers are to be allocated between National and Autonomous governments. The Agreement also includes, provision for a referendum among Bougainvilleans on independence; detailed provisions on a constitution for Bourgainville; and weapons disposal.

Agreement document
PG_010830_Bougainville Peace Agreement.pdf

Main category
Page 20, BOUGAINVILLE PEACE AGREEMENT, Part B. AUTONOMY, chapter 4: STRUCTURES OF THE AUTONOMOUS BOUGAINVILLE GOVERNMENT, legislature
28. The Bougainville Constitution will provide that the institutions of the autonomous Bougainville Government will include a legislature which shall be a mainly elected body, but may also include members appointed or elected to represent special interests, such as women, youth, churches.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 24, 4. STRUCTURES OF THE AUTONOMOUS BOUGAINVILLE GOVERNMENT, Legislature
28. The Bougainville Constitution will provide that the institutions of the autonomous Bougainville Government will include a legislature which shall be a mainly elected body, but may also include members appointed or elected to represent special interests, such as women, youth, churches.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Constitution-making/reform
Page 24, 4. STRUCTURES OF THE AUTONOMOUS BOUGAINVILLE GOVERNMENT, Legislature 28. The Bougainville Constitution will provide that the institutions of the autonomous Bougainville Government will include a legislature which shall be a mainly elected body, but may also include members appointed or elected to represent special interests, such as women, youth, churches.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Signing or witnessing agreement
Page 81
Signed at Arawa, Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, This 30th Day of August 2001:
...
Mrs. Ruby Mirinka, Representative of Bougainville Women
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh