Protocol on Economic Relations

Country/entity
Israel
Palestine
Region
Middle East and North Africa
Agreement name
Protocol on Economic Relations
Date
29/04/1994
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Arab-Israeli Conflicts (1948 - )
This conflict involves Israelis and Palestinians over territory and belonging and has long historical antecedents. The agreements post-1990 are between the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) and Israel, with some supporting inter-state agreements (i.e. between Israel and Jordan). More recently the importance of the once dominating Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) has diminished not in the least due to the effective disappearance of its left-wing members and the loss of the popularity of their political wing, Fatah. Hamas and other Islamic groups have attained significant relevance in Fatah’s stead, with Hamas controlling the Gaza strip (from which Israel ultimately unilaterally withdrew (not coded as a peace agreement).

Geo-political implications of the conflict have been considerable across the MENA region.
Arab-Israeli Conflicts (1948 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Principles)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
69: Israel-Palestine peace process
Parties
Israel, PLO
Third parties
Agmt annex to Gaza-Jericho Agmt which was 'Witnessed By': The United States of America,
The Russian Federation,
The Arab Republic of Egypt
Description
to be incorporated into Gaza-Jericho agmt, and take effect on its signing. Parties agree to establish Joint Economic Committee

Agreement to be incorporated into the Gaza-Jericho Agreement, and outlines the economic relations between Israel and Palestine, including the establishment of a Joint Economic Committeee, the establishment of import/export duties, monetary and financial duties, taxation, local production, labor regulation, agricultural production, industry, tourism and insurance.

Agreement document
IL_PS_940429_Gaza-Jericho_Agreement,_Protocol_on_Economic_Relations.pdf

Main category
Page 13, Article VII, LABOR
… 2. a. Palestinians employed in Israel will be insured in the Israeli social insurance system according to the National Insurance Law for employment injuries that occur in Israel, bankruptcy of employers and maternity leave allowance.
b. The National Insurance fees deducted from the wages for maternity insurance will be reduced according to the reduced scope of maternity insurance, and the equalization deductions transferred to the Palestinian Authority, if levied, will be increased accordingly.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
Pregnancy/maternity
Page 13, Article VII, LABOR
… 2. a. Palestinians employed in Israel will be insured in the Israeli social insurance system according to the National Insurance Law for employment injuries that occur in Israel, bankruptcy of employers and maternity leave allowance.
b. The National Insurance fees deducted from the wages for maternity insurance will be reduced according to the reduced scope of maternity insurance, and the equalization deductions transferred to the Palestinian Authority, if levied, will be increased accordingly.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh