Draft Basic Agreement Concerning the Bougainville Reconciliation Government

Country/entity
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Draft Basic Agreement Concerning the Bougainville Reconciliation Government
Date
24/12/1998
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Bougainville Conflict (1987 - 1998)
The conflict on Bougainville, an island under the jurisdiction of Papua New Guinea (PNG), began in 1987 as a dispute over compensation for the use of land by Bougainville Copper Ltd, a an Australian subsidiary. The underlying issue of independence soon emerged and the conflict escalated between the government of PNG and the native islanders, in turn spearheaded by the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA). Until fighting ended in 1998, an estimated 20,000 died in the conflict. Several pre-negotiation agreements culminated in an agreement to a ‘permanent and irrevocable’ ceasefire, and a framework for normalizing the PNG-Bourgainville relationship, which included elections.

Bougainville Conflict (1987 - 1998) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
10: Bougainville: peace process
Parties
The Government of Papua New Guinea; The Bougainville Transitional Government; The Bougainville Resistance Force; The Bougainville Interim Government; The Bougainville Leaders

Unable to read signatures
Third parties
Description
This draft agreement establishes a Bougainville Reconciliation Government, and includes a draft Constitution of the Bougainville Reconciliation Government, and an amendment to the Constitution

Agreement document
PG_981224_Draft Agreement Concerning the Bougainville Reconciliation Government.pdf

Main category
Page 3, DRAFT BASIC AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE BOUGAINVILLE RECONCILIATION GOVERNMENT (BRG), STRUCTURE OF THE BRG
... The BRG will have both legislative and executive arms. The legislative arm will be broadly representative of the people of Bougainville, with special provision for representation of women and other interest groups as agreed by the Bougainvillean parties or, after it is established, the BRG.

Page 9, PART II-BOUGAINVILLE RECONCILIATION GOVERNMENT, Division 1. Bougainville Reconciliation Government, Subdivision C-Composition of Congress, 11. Nominated Members
(1) The Congress shall appoint as nominated members except for paragraph (g) and (h) –five members from each of the following groups, namely-
... (f) The Women organisations;

Page 13, PART IV-TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS, 33. Constituent Assembly,
(1) The Constituent Assembly, for the purpose of this Constitution, shall consist of-
... (g) six (6) members to represent the women of Bougainville;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Gender quotas
Page 9, PART II-BOUGAINVILLE RECONCILIATION GOVERNMENT, Division 1. Bougainville Reconciliation Government, Subdivision C-Composition of Congress, 11. Nominated Members
(1) The Congress shall appoint as nominated members except for paragraph (g) and (h) –five members from each of the following groups, namely-
...
(f) The Women organisations;

Page 13, PART IV-TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS, 33.Constituent Assembly
(1) The Constituent Assembly, for the purpose of this Constitution, shall
consist of-
...
(g) six (6) members to represent the women of Bougainville;
Effective participation
Page 3, Principles, STRUCTURE OF THE BRG
...
The BRG will have both legislative and executive arms. The legislative arm will be broadly representative of the people of Bougainville, with special provision for representation of women and other interest groups as agreed by the Bougainvillean parties or, after it is established, the BRG.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Constitution-making/reform
Page 13, PART IV-TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS, 33.Constituent Assembly (1) The Constituent Assembly, for the purpose of this Constitution, shall consist of- ... (g) six (6) members to represent the women of Bougainville;
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh