Joint Declaration of the Defence and Security Forces of Côte D'Ivoire and the armed Forces of the Forces Nouvelles

Country/entity
Cote d'Ivoire
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Joint Declaration of the Defence and Security Forces of Côte D'Ivoire and the armed Forces of the Forces Nouvelles
Date
04/07/2003
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Ivorian Civil War (2002 - 2011)
The Ivorian civil war broke out in 2002 over the disqualification of Alassane Ouattara from the predominantly Muslim north for the presidential elections due to his missing “Ivoirity”. This concept, politically enforced by nationalist forces around President Laurent Ggagbo in the South of the country and in the capital Abidjan, demanded that both parents of a presidential candidate had to be born in Cote D’Ivoire. Despite several agreements and French military involvement the fighting continued until 2005, when a South African mediation attempt – and the qualification of the national football squad for the World Cup in 2006 – helped to end the fighting. The situation remained unstable even with a UN peacekeeping force in place. Renewed fighting broke out after the presidential elections in 2010 where Ouattara was allowed to run, but he lost the elections under unclear circumstances and perceptions of fraud. Finally, Ggagbo was arrested in April 2011 by French-backed forces supporting Ouattara.

Ivorian Civil War (2002 - 2011) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
5: Cote D'Ivoire: peace process
Parties
For the Defence and Security Forces of Côte d’Ivoire
Major-General Mathias Doue Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
(Signed) By order, Colonel Kadio Miezou Head of COIA

For the Armed Forces of the Forces Nouvelles
(Signed) Colonel Bakayoko Soumaila Chief of Staff a.i. of the Armed
Forces of the Forces Nouvelles

Third parties
Declaration made in presence of Special Representative of the Secretary-General
Description
The parties declare the war to have ended, undertake to support the Linas-marcoussis and Accra agreements, affirm that they are subordinate to the Government of National Reconciliation, reaffirm commitment to DDR programme, invite the government to adopt an amnesty law, commit to developing a 'truly republican' army.

Agreement document
CI_030704_JointDeclarationDefenceandSecurityForcesandNationalArmy.pdf

Main category
Page 3,
...
Furthermore, the duty to remember requires us to think of the thousands of men, women and children who have died or been permanently scarred by this war.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Other
Page 3,
...Furthermore, the duty to remember requires us to think of the thousands of men, women and children who have died or been permanently scarred by this war.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh