National Peace Accord

Country/entity
South Africa
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
National Peace Accord
Date
14/09/1991
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Post Apartheid South Africa and Nambian Independence (1990 - 1994)
South Africa – internal. The roots of the modern South African conflict are found in the British and Dutch colonization of Southern Africa, which resulted in the introduction of a white minority who soon held power in the region. The South African state emerged following a hard-fought pact between the British government and the white Afrikaner minority. ‘Apartheid’ – the Afrikaans word for separateness – became official government policy after 1948. Resistance to this system was widespread and took diverse forms. In 1912, the African National Congress (ANC) was formed to push for reforms in the country. After the 1960 Sharpeville massacre several organisations around the ANC took up arms and began to fight the Apartheid government using violent means. During the 1980s, President P.W. Botha introduced a reform policy that enabled the post-1990 peace agreements, which paved the way for the end of the apartheid system.

South Africa- Namibia. One set of agreements relates to the independence of Namibia which followed from the end of apartheid.

Post Apartheid South Africa and Nambian Independence (1990 - 1994) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Process)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
114: South Africa peace process
Parties
Signed by more than forty organisations on 14 September 1991.
[SAG, ANC, and over 40 other organizations]
Third parties
Description
This comprehensive agreement contains: principles; code of conduct for all parties; security forces reform; code of conduct for the South African Police; establishment of National Peace Secretariat, Regional and Local Dispute Resolution Committees; a National Peace Committee; and creating Special Criminal Courts.

Agreement document
ZA_910914_National Peace Accord.pdf

Main category
Page 6, Chapter 3, Security Forces: General provisions, 3.1 General Principles
3.1.1 The police shall endeavour to protect the people of South Africa from all criminal acts and shall to do so in a rigorously non-partisan fashion, regardless of the political belief and affiliation, race, religion, gender or ethnic origin of the perpetrators or victims of such acts.

Page 7, Chapter 3, Security Forces: General provisions,
3.2 The police shall observe the following more detailed set of requirements:
3.2.1 The police shall endeavour to protect the people of South Africa from all criminal acts and shall to do so in a rigorously non-partisan fashion, regardless of the political belief and affiliation, race, religion, gender or ethnic origin of the perpetrators or victims of such acts.

Page 15, Chapter 4, Security Forces: Police Code of Conduct, Code of Conduct of the South African Police
... • The favour and approval of the public shall be sought by:
... • giving effective and friendly service to each individual, regardless of the political and religious belief, race, gender or ethnic origin;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Other
Page 6, Chapter 3, Security Forces: General provisions, 3.1 General Principles 3.1.1 The police shall endeavour to protect the people of South Africa from all criminal acts and shall to do so in a rigorously nonpartisan fashion, regardless of the political belief and affiliation, race, religion, gender or ethnic origin of the perpetrators or victims of such acts.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Police
Page 6, Chapter 3, Security Forces: General provisions,
3.1 General Principles
3.1.1 The police shall endeavour to protect the people of South Africa from all criminal acts and shall to do so in a rigorously non-partisan fashion, regardless of the political belief and affiliation, race, religion, gender or ethnic origin of the perpetrators or victims of such acts.

Page 7, Chapter 3, Security Forces: General provisions,
3.2.1 The police shall endeavour to protect the people of South Africa from all criminal acts and shall to do so in a rigorously non-partisan fashion, regardless of the political belief and affiliation, race, religion, gender or ethnic origin of the perpetrators or victims of such acts.

Page 15, Chapter 4, Security Forces: Police Code of Conduct
Code of Conduct
The favour and approval of the public shall be sought by:
... · giving effective and friendly service to each individual, regardless of the political and religious belief, race, gender or ethnic origin;
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh