Chapultepec Agreement

Country/entity
El Salvador
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Chapultepec Agreement
Date
16/01/1992
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (El Salvador Civil War (1979 - 1992)
The civil war in El Salvador lasted from 1979 to 1992 between an authoritarian government and non-state opponents. Following a failed coup d’état, five leftist guerrilla movements merged to form the umbrella organisation Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN). U.S. support for the central Salvatorean government after 1979 lasted until its collapsed in late 1980s, after which the right-wing Republican National Alliance (Arena) filled the power vacuum. In March 1990, the rebels announced a suspension of attacks on non-military entered into talks backed by the UN and Catholic Church with the government. Despite the talks violence peaked over the next two years until the Chapultepec Peace Accords were signed in Mexico City in February 1992. Another ceasefire was signed a month later, which lasted nine months and was never broken during that time. Arena won the 1994 presidential elections and maintained a significant portion of the legislature until 2009, when the FMLN attained the presidency.

El Salvador Civil War (1979 - 1992) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
40: El Salvador peace process
Parties
Govt of El Salvador, FMLN
Third parties
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, UNSG (signatory, status unclear)
Description
Set of political agreements dealing with the armed forces, civil police, judicial system, electoral system, economic and social questions, political participation by FMLN, cessation of armed conflict, UN verification, implementation timetable; series of annex elaborating necessary legislative reform

Agreement document
SV_910116_Chalputepec.pdf

Main category
Page 13, Chapter II, National Civil Police

[This chapter deals extensively with the establishment of the National Civil Police]

II.7.D.b. A publicity campaign to promote the recruitment of new personnel for the National Civil Police shall be designed and implemented as soon as possible. Special consideration shall be given to the recruitment of women.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Police
Page 13, Chapter II, National Civil Police II.7.D.b.
A publicity campaign to promote the recruitment of new personnel for the National Civil Police shall be designed and implemented as soon as possible. Special consideration shall be given to the recruitment of women.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh