Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation, Statement of Principles on Long-term Issues and Solutions

Country/entity
Kenya
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation, Statement of Principles on Long-term Issues and Solutions
Date
23/05/2008
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.

Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
71: Kenya peace process
Parties
Government/PNU and ODM
On the Behalf of the Government/PNU, Hon Martha Karua, Hon Sam Ongeri, Hon. Mutula Kilonzo, Hon. Moses Wetang'ula
On the Behalf of ODM, Hon. Musalia Mudavudi, Hon. William Ruto, Hon. Sally Kosgei, Hon. James Orengo
Third parties
Witnessed by: For the Panel of Eminent African Personalities, H.E. Oluyemi Adeniji - Session Chair
Description
The short agreement define the commitments made to address the long-term issues: A. Constitutional, institutional and legal reform); B. Land Reform; C. Poverty, inequity and regional imbalances; D. Unemployment, particularly among the youth; E. Consolidation of national Cohesion and unity; F. Transparency, Accountability and Impunity.

Agreement document
KE_080523_Dialogue&Reconciliation (Principles on Long-term Issues and Solutions).pdf

Main category
Page 2, II. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the long-term issues. In this regard, we agree on the following principles.
C. Poverty, inequity and regional imbalances
We recognize that to ensure sustainable peace in the country, poverty eradication and equitable
development are essential. We further recognize that issue' of inequality, manifested along income, regional and gender lines, remain key challenges for Kenya.

Agenda 4 Implementation Framework
Poverty, inequality and regional imbalances
(a) Ensure equity and balance are attained in development across all regions including in job creation, poverty reduction, improved income distribution and gender equity.
(f) Develop and Affirmative Action Policy and enhance the Women's Enterprise Fund. (p. 6-7)

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Social equality
Page 7, Agenda 4: Implementation Framework, Poverty, inequality and regional imbalances
(a) Ensure equity and balance are attained in development across all regions including in job creation, poverty reduction, improved income distribution and gender equity.

Page 2, II. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the long-term issues. In this regard, we agree on the following principles.
...
C. Poverty, inequity and regional imbalances
We recognize that to ensure sustainable peace in the country, poverty eradication and equitable development are essential. We further recognize that issue' of inequality, manifested along income, regional and gender lines, remain key challenges for Kenya.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Institutions for women
Page 8, Agenda 4: Implementation Framework, Poverty, inequality and regional imbalances
...
(f) Develop and Affirmative Action Policy and enhance the Women's Enterprise Fund.
Reconciliation and peace
Page 2, II. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the long-term issues. In this regard, we agree on the following principles.
...
C. Poverty, inequity and regional imbalances
We recognize that to ensure sustainable peace in the country, poverty eradication and equitable development are essential. We further recognize that issue' of inequality, manifested along income, regional and gender lines, remain key challenges for Kenya.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
General
Page 2, II. We reaffirm our commitment to addressing the long-term issues. In this regard, we agree on the following principles.
...
C. Poverty, inequity and regional imbalances
We recognize that to ensure sustainable peace in the country, poverty eradication and equitable development are essential. We further recognize that issue' of inequality, manifested along income, regional and gender lines, remain key challenges for Kenya.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh