The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.
Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
71: Kenya peace process
On behalf of Government/PNU:
- Hon. Martha Karua
- Hon. Sam Ongeri
- Hon. Mutula Kilonzo
- Hon. Moses Wetang'ula
On behalf of ODM:
- Hon. Musalia Mudavadi
- Hon. William Ruto
- Hon. James Orengo
- Hon. Sally Kosgei
- Witnessed by:
For the Panel of Eminent African Personalities, H.E. Oluyemi Adeniji, Session Chair
This agreement provides for the implementation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission. It defines its general parameters.
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