The Resolution Adopted at the Conclusion of the National Consultative Peace Jirga

Country/entity
Afghanistan
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
The Resolution Adopted at the Conclusion of the National Consultative Peace Jirga
Date
06/06/2010
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Afghan Wars (1979 - )
The agreements are drawn from two distinct conflict periods. Post Soviet-intervention period. First, after an uprising against the communist government, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979 and set up a puppet government. Fierce resistance came in on the form of domestic and foreign Mujahidin fighters who, by 1988, forced the Soviet Union to withdraw. The Communist government that remained was defeated in 1992 against a background of violence, which spiralled into a tumultuous multi-party civil war with a strong tribal basis. In 1993 a peace accord was signed, but by 1994 the conflict realigned itself as the Islamic-based Taliban emerged from the refugee camps, eventually occupying the capital city of Kabul in September 1996 spurring groups that had militantly opposed the communist government to unite in opposition to the Taliban.

Post US-intervention period. After the terror attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States invaded Afghanistan and removed the Taliban from power. In December 2001, the UNSC mandated the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to assist Afghanistan’s interim authorities. In 2003 ISAF command was placed under NATO’s responsibility. Within three years, however, the Taliban managed to re-group and re-structure and launched intense resistance to the internationally-recognized Afghanistan government and NATO support troops. Despite this resurgence of the Taliban, NATO leaders lacked the necessary support for the mission abroad, and NATO troops were withdrawn by the end of 2014.
Afghan Wars (1979 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
2: Afghanistan: 2000s Post-intervention process
Parties
Not signed, agreement mentions the following parties as having produced it: The National Consultative Peace Jirga (NCPJ) participated by 1,600 delegates...including from both Houses of the Parliament, Provincial Councils, religious scholars, tribal leaders, civil society organizations, Afghan refugees residing in Iran and Pakistan
Third parties
Description
This short resolution was adopted by the National Consultative Peace Jirga. The agreement contains declarations which lay out the principles and a framework for potential talks between the government of Afghanistan, international actors, and opposition groups, referred to as 'the Disaffected'.

Agreement document
AF_100606_Conclusion of the National Consultative Peace Jirga.pdf

Main category
Page 3, Framework for Talks with the Disaffected, 8
We call upon the government of Afghanistan and the international troops stationed in the country:
...
People of Afghanistan demand a just peace which can guarantee the rights of its all citizens including women and children. For the purpose of social justice, the Jirga urges that laws be applied equally on all citizens of the country

Page 4, Developing Mechanism for Negotiation with the Disaffected, 12
We, the participants of the Jirga commit ourselves to act as messengers of peace and take the message of the Jirga to our communities and our people in our areas and to cooperate with the local authorities, tribal elders, youth and the women for the objective of ensuring peace.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 3, Framework for Talks with the Disaffected, Article 8
We call upon the government of Afghanistan and the international troops stationed in the country:
...
People of Afghanistan demand a just peace which can guarantee the rights of its all citizens including women and children. For the purpose of social justice, the Jirga urges that laws be applied equally on all citizens of the country
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 3, Framework for Talks with the Disaffected, Article 8
We call upon the government of Afghanistan and the international troops stationed in the country:
...
People of Afghanistan demand a just peace which can guarantee the rights of its all citizens including women and children. For the purpose of social justice, the Jirga urges that laws be applied equally on all citizens of the country
New institutions
Reconciliation and peace
Page 4, Developing Mechanism for Negotiation with the Disaffected, Article 12
We, the participants of the Jirga commit ourselves to act as messengers of peace and take the message of the Jirga to our communities and our people in our areas and to cooperate with the local authorities, tribal elders, youth and the women for the objective of ensuring peace.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Women's role and consideration in implementation of the agreement
Page 4, Developing Mechanism for Negotiation with the Disaffected, Article 12
We, the participants of the Jirga commit ourselves to act as messengers of peace and take the message of the Jirga to our communities and our people in our areas and to cooperate with the local authorities, tribal elders, youth and the women for the objective of ensuring peace.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh