Signed agreement by political parties on the National Assembly Electoral Bill 2011

Country/entity
Lesotho
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Signed agreement by political parties on the National Assembly Electoral Bill 2011
Date
09/03/2011
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Lesotho Crisis (1998)
After Lesotho became independent in 1966, the Basotho National Party (BNP) established a one-party-system that lasted for almost three decades. After being beaten in elections in 1998, street protests against the new government were initialized; paving the way for a coup attempt by a faction of the national army. The conflict escalated when South African and Botswanan troops intervened in support of the elected government and although the revolt was effectively dampened by the end of the year, the political situation has remained fragile since.

Lesotho Crisis (1998) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
74: Lesotho process
Parties
11 political parties are signatories;
Marematlou Freedom Party (MFP), signed by Vincent Moeketse Malebo
Lesotho Workers Party (LWP), signed by Sello Maphalla
Basotho Batho Democratic Party (BBDP), signed by Jeremane Ramathebane (signed twice)
All Basotho Convention (ABC), signed by Tom Thabane
Lesotho People's Congress (LPC), signed by Kelebone A Maspu
Batotho National Party (BNP), signed by [Illegible]
Popular Front for Democracy (PFPD), signed by Lekhetho Rakuoane
Basotho Democratic National Party (BDNP), signed by Pelele A. Letsoela
National independent, [illegible]
Government of Lesotho, by Archibald [...Illegible...]
Third parties
Description
Agreement for the amendment of the Electoral Law. Notably emphasises ensuring proportionality in the National Assembly, fairness in campaign financing and the inclusion of women in party lists.

Agreement document
LS_110309_Agreement on National Assembly Electoral Bill 2011.pdf

Main category
12. Gender balance on party lists
a. Article 47 (2b&c)

13. Gender quota on the party list
(Minority dissenting view in favour of one-third - BNP and BDNP, PFD)
(ABC asks for time to consider)

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Gender quotas
Page 2, 12. Gender balance on party lists
a. Article 47 (2b&c)

[Explanatory note: Section 47 (2: b & c) of the Lesotho National Assembly Election Amendment Act of 2011, introduced the rule for the proportional contest whereby a political party shall ‘arrange the candidates in order of preference from top to bottom, with a female or male candidate immediately followed by a candidate of the opposite sex; and include equal numbers of women and men’. Source: quotaProject - http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/countryview.cfm?country=133].

Page 2, 13. Gender quota on the party list
(Minority dissenting view in favour of one-third - BNP and BDNP, PFD)
(ABC asks for time to consider)
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

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