Accord de Cessez-le-Feu Entre d’une part L’Union des Forces Democratiques pour le Rassemblement (UFDR) et d’autre part la Convention des Patriotes pour la Justice et la Paix (CPJP)

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Accord de Cessez-le-Feu Entre d’une part L’Union des Forces Democratiques pour le Rassemblement (UFDR) et d’autre part la Convention des Patriotes pour la Justice et la Paix (CPJP)
Date
08/10/2011
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Ceasefire)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
14: CAR: coups and rebellions process
Does this need new name?
Parties
Ont signé;
Pour l'Union des Forces Démocratiques Pour le Rassemblement -UFDR-: ZAKARIA DAMANE
Pour la Convention des Patriotes Pour la Justice et la Paix -CPJP -: HISSENE ABDOULAYE RAMADAN

Ont paraphé (initialled):
Pour le Gouvernement:
-Le Ministre Délégué à la Présidence de la République Chargé du Désarmement, de la Démobilisation, de la Réinsertion et de la Jeunesse Pionnière Nationale;
-Le Ministre Délégué à la Présidence de la République Chargé de la Défense Nationale,

Pour la Comnunauté Internationale:
-Le BINUCA,
-L'UNION AFRICAINE;
-La MICOP,

Et le Médiateur de la République
Third parties
Description
A short agreement outlining provisions for a ceasefire between the 'Union des Forces Democratique pour le Rassemblement' (UFDR) and the 'Convention des Patriotes Pour la Justice et la Paix' (CPJP).

Agreement document
CF_111008_Accord de Cessezlefeu entre l'UFDR et le CPJP_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_111000_Accord de Cessez le feu entre l'UFDR et le CPJP.pdf []

Main category
Page 1, PREAMBLE
...
- Considering that the CRA needs all of its daughters and sons, to achieve unity and in order to develop;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Reconciliation and peace
Page 1, Preamble...Recognising that the CAR needs all its sons and daughters to consolidate its unity and promote its development...

Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
General
Page 1, Preamble...Recognising that the CAR needs all its sons and daughters to consolidate its unity and promote its development...
Other
Page 2, Preamble: ...Conscious of their responsibility towards the Central African people and toward history, the UFDR and the CPJP solemnly promise to cease all hostilities with a view to contributing to the creation of a framework for peace between the daughters and sons of VAKAGA, HAUTE KOTTO and BAMINGUI-BANGORAN with the ultimate aim of re-establishing security, the free movement of persons and goods, as well as improving the populations' living conditions;
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
Page 2, Preamble: ...Conscious of their responsibility towards the Central African people and toward history, the UFDR and the CPJP solemnly promise to cease all hostilities with a view to contributing to the creation of a framework for peace between the daughters and sons of VAKAGA, HAUTE KOTTO and BAMINGUI-BANGORAN with the ultimate aim of re-establishing security, the free movement of persons and goods, as well as improving the populations' living conditions;

The University of Edinburgh