Roadmap for Ending the Crisis in Madagascar - Commitments by Malagasy Political Stakeholders

Country/entity
Madagascar
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Roadmap for Ending the Crisis in Madagascar - Commitments by Malagasy Political Stakeholders
Date
13/09/2011
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Malagasy Political Crisis (2009)
A conflict between Madagascar’s elected president, Marc Ravalomanana, and an opposition movement led by the Mayor of the capital city Antananarivo, Andry Rajoelina, escalated in early 2009 when street protests and an uprising of parts of the military forced Ravalomanana to resign and go into exile in South Africa. A 2009 agreement called for a transitional government, however, Rajoelina, despite protests from Ravalomanana supporters and foreign governments, appointed a cabinet loyal to himself. The tensions were mediated in 2011 by a SADC mediation effort, which proposed a transitional roadmap that was eventually signed by all major political forces. However, after June 2012, the open conflict broke out once again.

Malagasy Political Crisis (2009) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
79: Madagascar peace process
Parties
Malagasy Political Stakeholders
Third parties
Description
Agreement setting forth a roadmap for a transitional period, creating a Transitional Government and launching a national reconciliation process. The aim of the transitional period is to create conditions for holding free and fair elections (I.2, p. 1).

Agreement document
MG_110913_Roadmap for ending the crisis in Madagascar.pdf

Main category
'In the formation of the Transitional Government, the President of the Transition and the consensus Prime Minister shall ensure a fair an equitable distribution of portfolios, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation and regional balance.' (I.6, p. 1).

'For the enlargement of the composition of other transitional institutions, like the Transitional Congress (CT), the High Transitional Council (CST) and the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI), Malagasy political stakeholders who are parties to this Roadmap shall be invited to submit a list of public figures, from which the President of the Transition shall appoint the members of these institutions. In appointing the members of these institutions, the President of the Transition undertakes to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of positions, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation, regional balance and balanced sharing among the Malagasy political stakeholders who are signatories to this Roadmap so as to ensure the smooth running of the Transition.' (I.7, p. 2).

Page 1, I. Transition Institutions
6. The Malagasy political stakeholder shall be invited to submit a list of public figures, from which the President of the Transition, acting on the proposal of the consensus Prime Minister, shall appoint the members of the Transitional Government. In the formation of the Transitional Government, the President of the Transition and the consensus Prime Minister shall ensure a fair and equitable distribution of portfolios, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation and regional balance. In case any member of the Government is removed he shall be replaced by another member of his political group in accordance with the same appointment procedure rules;

Page 2, I. Transition Institutions
7. For the enlargement of the composition of other transitional institutions, like the Transitional Congress (CT), the High Transitional Council (CST) and the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI). Malagasy political stakeholders who are parties to this Roadmap shall be invited to submit a list of public figures, from which the President of the Transition shall appoint the members of these institutions. In appointing the members of these institutions the President of the Transition undertakes to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of positions, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation, regional balance and balanced sharing among the Malagasy political stakeholders who are signatories to this Roadmap so as to ensure the smooth running of the transition;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, Article I TRANSITIONAL INSTITUTIONS: 6. The Malagasy political stakeholder shall be invited to submit a list of public figures, from which the President of the Transition, acting on the proposal of the consensus Prime Minister, shall appoint the members of the Transitional Government. In the formation of the Transitional Government, the President of the Transition and the consensus Prime Minister shall ensure a fair and equitable distribution of portfolios, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation and regional balance. In case any member of the Government is removed he shall be replaced by another member of his political group in accordance with the same appointment procedure rules;

Page 2, Article I TRANSITIONAL INSTITUTIONS: 7. For the enlargement of the composition of other transitional institutions, like the Transitional Congress (CT), the High Transitional Council (CST) and the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI). Malagasy political stakeholders who are parties to this Roadmap shall be invited to submit a list of public figures, from which the President of the Transition shall appoint the members of these institutions. In appointing the members of these institutions the President of the Transition undertakes to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of positions, whilst adhering to the criteria of political affiliation, gender representation, regional balance and balanced sharing among the Malagasy political stakeholders who are signatories to this Roadmap so as to ensure the smooth running of the transition;
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh