Agreement of the Third Round Negotiations between the Government of Nepal and CPN (Maoists) at the Prime Minister's Baluwatar and 8-Point Agreement

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement of the Third Round Negotiations between the Government of Nepal and CPN (Maoists) at the Prime Minister's Baluwatar and 8-Point Agreement
Date
16/06/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Third Round negotiations: On behalf of the CPN-Maoist, Coordinator: Krishna Bahadur Mahara
On behalf of the Government of Nepal, Coordinator: Krishna Prasad Sitaula

8 point agreement: On behalf of CPN (Maoists): Prachanda Chairman CPN (Maoists);

On behalf of the Seven Political Parties:
Shree Girija Prasad Koirala, Prime Minister and President, Nepali Congress;
Shree Madhav Kumar, Nepal General Secretary, CPN (UML);
Shree Sher Bahadur Deuba President, Nepali Congress (Democratic);
Shree Amik Sherchan, Deputy Prime Minister and Chairperson, Janamorcha Nepal;
Shree Narayan Man Bijhuckchhe President, Nepal Majdur Kisan Party;
Shree Bharat Bimal Yadav Vice President, Nepal Sadbhavana Party (Anandidevi);
Shree Prabhu Narayan Chaudary Minister and Chairperson Bammorcha, Nepal.

Third parties
Description
A short agreement reaffirming commitments to previous agreements, outlining areas for future talks, requesting UN assistance with DDR and election monitoring, and forming the committee to draft the interim constitution.

Agreement document
NP_060526_Third Round Negotiations.pdf

Main category
Page 2, Eight-Point Agreement of the Top leaders, 7: To make a forward-looking restructuring of the state so as to resolve the class-based, racial, regional and gender-based problems through the election of constituent assembly. To transform the ceasefire held between the Government of Nepal and CPN(Maoists) into a permanent peace by keeping in the centre the democracy, peace, prosperity, progress and the independence, sovereignty and dignity of the country, and to express commitment to resolve the problem through negotiations.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Social equality
Page 26, Eight-Point Agreement of the Top leaders, 7: To make a forward-looking restructuring of the state so as to resolve the class-based, racial, regional and gender-based problems through the election of constituent assembly. To transform the ceasefire held between the Government of Nepal and CPN(Maoists) into a permanent peace by keeping in the centre the democracy, peace, prosperity, progress and the independence, sovereignty and dignity of the country, and to express commitment to resolve the problem through negotiations.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
Rehabilitation and reconstruction
Page 26, Eight-Point Agreement of the Top leaders, 7: To make a forward-looking restructuring of the state so as to resolve the class-based, racial, regional and gender-based problems through the election of constituent assembly. To transform the ceasefire held between the Government of Nepal and CPN(Maoists) into a permanent peace by keeping in the centre the democracy, peace, prosperity, progress and the independence, sovereignty and dignity of the country, and to express commitment to resolve the problem through negotiations.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh