Decisions of the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) - Maoist Summit Meeting

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Decisions of the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) - Maoist Summit Meeting
Date
08/11/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Signatories:

Prachanda, Chairman, CPN (Maoist)
Girija Prasad Koirala, Prime Minister and President, Nepali Congress
Madhav Kumar Nepal, Secretary General, CPN (UML)
Sher Bahadur Deuba, President, Nepali Congress (Democratic)
Amik Sherchan, Deputy Prime Minister and Chairman, People’s Front Nepal
Bharat Bimal Yadav, Vice President, NSP (Anandi Devi)
Narayan Man Bijukchhe, President, NWPP
C.P. Mainali, Chairman, United Left Front

November 8, 2006

Note of dissent of the CPN (UML)

While agreeing to the implementation of the above as agreed by all other parties, our party records the following dissenting views:

1. The CPN (UML) holds a dissenting view that the issue of whether or not to retain the institution of monarchy should be decided by a referendum held simultaneously with the election to the Constituent Assembly.
2. The CPN (UML) holds a dissenting view that the most democratic method to elect the Constituent Assembly is the proportional system of election.

(Signed)

Madhav Kumar Nepal
Secretary General, CPN (UML)
Third parties
Description
The Seven Party Alliance and the Maoist Party agree to prinicples by which the conflict in Nepal will be resolved. These principles include the need to implement past agreements, manage the armed factions including the Maoist and Nepali armes and to constitute an interim constitution and institutions pending the establishment of a new constitution and government institutions. The parties also agreed that the monarchy will no longer have any role in the
state administration.

Agreement document
NP_061108_Decisions of the Summit Meeting.pdf

Main category
Page 1, Untitled Preamble: ...Pledging for forward-looking restructuring of the state by resolving the prevailing problems related with class, ethnicity, regional and gender differences;...

Page 5, III, Relating to the esssence of the Interim Constitution, 9, Relating to the election of the Constituent Assembly c.: While deciding the list of candidates, the political parties shall ensure proportional representation of disadvantaged communities and regions, Madheshis (the Terai communities), women, low-caste groups and other communities.

Page 5, III, Relating to the esssence of the Interim Constitution, 10, Relating to the structure of the state a.: In order to end discriminations based on class, ethnicity, language, gender, culture, religion and region and to deconstruct the current centralised and unitary structure, the state shall be restructured in an inclusive, democratic and forward looking manner.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 5, III, Relating to the esssence of the Interim Constitution, 9, Relating to the election of the Constituent Assembly c.: While deciding the list of candidates, the political parties shall ensure proportional representation of disadvantaged communities and regions, Madheshis (the Terai communities), women, low-caste groups and other communities.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 5, III, Relating to the esssence of the Interim Constitution, 10, Relating to the structure of the state a.: In order to end discriminations based on class, ethnicity, language, gender, culture, religion and region and to deconstruct the current centralised and unitary structure, the state shall be restructured in an inclusive, democratic and forward looking manner.
Social equality
Page 1, Untitled Preamble: ...Pledging for forward-looking restructuring of the state by resolving the prevailing problems related with class, ethnicity, regional and gender differences;...
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
Rehabilitation and reconstruction
Page 1, Untitled Preamble: ...Pledging for forward-looking restructuring of the state by resolving the prevailing problems related with class, ethnicity, regional and gender differences;...

Page 5, III, Relating to the esssence of the Interim Constitution, 10, Relating to the structure of the state a.: In order to end discriminations based on class, ethnicity, language, gender, culture, religion and region and to deconstruct the current centralised and unitary structure, the state shall be restructured in an inclusive, democratic and forward looking manner.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh