Agreement on the Monitoring of Arms and Armies

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement on the Monitoring of Arms and Armies
Date
08/12/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Coordinator, Negotiating team, CPN (Maoist)
Krishna Prasad Sitoula, Coordinator, Negotiating team, Government of Nepal

Third parties
'Witnessed by' Ian Martin, Personal Representative of the Secetary-General, United Nations
Description
The Agreement outlines the modalities for how the United Nations will monitor the management of arms and armies in Nepal. Topics covered include monitoring the deployment and cantonment of forces, the storage and control of weapons, and a joint monitoring coordination committee chaired by the UN.

Agreement document
NP_061208_Agreement on the Monitoring of Arms and Armies.pdf

Main category
Page 9, 5 Compliance with the Agreement, 5.1 Prohibited Activities: In the spirit of the Comprehensive Peace Accord, and in light of this agreement, after the placement of the Nepal Army in the barracks and the Maoist Army combatants in cantonment, the parties shall scrupulously refrain from the following activities:...13. All acts and forms of gender-based violence.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 9, 5 Compliance with the Agreement, 5.1 Prohibited Activities:
In the spirit of the Comprehensive Peace Accord, and in light of this agreement, after the placement of the Nepal Army in the barracks and the Maoist Army combatants in cantonment, the parties shall scrupulously refrain from the following activities:...13. All acts and forms of gender-based violence.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
DDR, army, parastatal or rebel forces
Page 9, 5 Compliance with the Agreement, 5.1 Prohibited Activities: In the spirit of the Comprehensive Peace Accord, and in light of this agreement, after the placement of the Nepal Army in the barracks and the Maoist Army combatants in cantonment, the parties shall scrupulously refrain from the following activities:...13. All acts and forms of gender-based violence.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh