12-Point Understanding between the Seven Political Parties and Nepal Communist Party (Maoists)

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
12-Point Understanding between the Seven Political Parties and Nepal Communist Party (Maoists)
Date
22/11/2005
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Agreement Unsigned but composed by the Nepal Communist Party (CPN) (Maoists) and the Seven Political Parties
Third parties
Description
A 12-point understanding uniting the CPN (Maoists) and the Seven Political Parties against the Monarchy. The agreement touches on a range of issues including the institution of democracy, elections, relations with neighbouring states and the international community, and human rights.

Agreement document
NP_051122_12 Point Understanding.pdf

Main category
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:...Therefore, it has become an inevitable need to implement the concept of full democracy through a forward-looking restructuring of the state to resolve the problems related to class, cast, gender, region and so on of all sectors including the political, economic, social and cultural, by bringing the autocratic monarchy to an end and establishing full democracy.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Social equality
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:...Therefore, it has become an inevitable need to implement the concept of full democracy through a forward-looking restructuring of the state to resolve the problems related to class, cast, gender, region and so on of all sectors including the political, economic, social and cultural, by bringing the autocratic monarchy to an end and establishing full democracy.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
Rehabilitation and reconstruction
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:...Therefore, it has become an inevitable need to implement the concept of full democracy through a forward-looking restructuring of the state to resolve the problems related to class, cast, gender, region and so on of all sectors including the political, economic, social and cultural, by bringing the autocratic monarchy to an end and establishing full democracy.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh