Annex I, Protocol Concerning Redeployment and Security Arrangements, Israeli­ Palestinian Interim Agreement on The West Bank and the Gaza Strip (Oslo II)

Country/entity
Israel
Palestine
Region
Middle East and North Africa
Agreement name
Annex I, Protocol Concerning Redeployment and Security Arrangements, Israeli­ Palestinian Interim Agreement on The West Bank and the Gaza Strip (Oslo II)
Date
28/09/1995
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Arab-Israeli Conflicts (1948 - )
This conflict involves Israelis and Palestinians over territory and belonging and has long historical antecedents. The agreements post-1990 are between the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) and Israel, with some supporting inter-state agreements (i.e. between Israel and Jordan). More recently the importance of the once dominating Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) has diminished not in the least due to the effective disappearance of its left-wing members and the loss of the popularity of their political wing, Fatah. Hamas and other Islamic groups have attained significant relevance in Fatah’s stead, with Hamas controlling the Gaza strip (from which Israel ultimately unilaterally withdrew (not coded as a peace agreement).

Geo-political implications of the conflict have been considerable across the MENA region.
Arab-Israeli Conflicts (1948 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
69: Israel-Palestine peace process
Parties
Israel, signed for by Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres; PLO, signed for by Yasser Arafat;
Third parties
William Clinton, U.S. President; Warren Christopher, U.S.; Amr Moussa, Egypt; Bjoern Tore Godal, Norway; Andrei V. Kozyrev, Russia; Hussein Ibn Talal, Jordan; Felipe Gonzalez, EU;
Description
The Oslo II Accords created the areas of A, B, and C. The PA was granted limited authority in the A and B Areas, whereas Israel maintained a military presence in Area C, airspace and ocean territories. Annex I focuses on security arrangements including the redeployment of Israeli forces; the administration of security forces in Palestine; setting up 'liason' and 'cooperation' committees on the district and regional levels; outlining joint security arrangements including Joint Mobile Units; outlining the jurisdiction of Israeli and Palestinian security forces, arranging the armament of Palestinian police; detailing the protocols for border crossings, among other aspects.

Agreement document
IL_PS_950928_Annex_I_Protocol Concerning Redeployment and Security Arrangements.pdf

Main category
Page 30, Article XIII, Security of the Airspace,
11. a. The JAC will agree on special arrangements to facilitate flights of the Ra’ees of the Executive Authority of the Council between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The Ra’ees and his spouse, and family members of the Ra’ees, his body guards and VIPs when accompanying the Ra’ees will fly without prior inspection of their person, personal belongings, and luggage.

Page 53, Page 50, SECTION F Passage of VIPs
5. Miscellaneous
b. The following procedure will apply with respect to the passage of category I VIPs, family members of the Ra’ees of the Executive Authority of the Council except the spouse of the Ra’ees of the Executive Authority of the Council, bodyguards of the Ra’ees of the Executive Authority of the Council and other persons approved by the CAC, when any of these persons are accompanying the Ra’ees of the Executive Authority of the Council in his vehicles.



Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Police
Page 8, Article IV, The Palestinian Police, 4. Recruitment, b. Palestinian policemen coming from abroad may be accompanied by their spouse and sons and daughters.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh