What is PA-X?

The PA-X Peace Agreement Database (www.peaceagreements.org) is a database and repository of peace agreements from 1990 to date, current up until 1 January 2016. PA-X provides a comprehensive dataset of peace agreements from 1990 to 2015, capable of underpinning both quantitative and qualitative research. See more here.

For peace agreement definitions see here. Download PA-X Codebook here.

What does PA-X include? 

PA-X contains:

  • over 1500 agreements in over 140 peace processes
  • coding of provisions for 225 substantive categories such as power-sharing, women, and transitional justice .

It enables search permutations which can disaggregate the data by country, entity, region, conflict type, and stage of agreement; and allows examination of different combinations of issues addressed. See more here.

  • For more interesting 'paxfax' see here.

What is PA-X Gender? 

PA-X is accompanied by PA-X Gender, which contains more detailed analysis of the over 330 agreements in the main PA-X collection that mention women, girls, or gender. This database breaks down the relevant provisions into 53 categories, again with detailed search mechanisms and quantitative data fully available.

The search mechanisms and pages on PA-X Gender work the same way as PAX, although they involve different sub-coding of gender provisions. PA-X Gender was launched in 2015 and has been central to research by institutions including UN Women and the Council of Foreign Relations.

Where do the agreements in the PA-X database come from?

Agreements were sourced using: existing collections; country-specific websites and literature; websites of other civic groups; official documentation of international organisations; and writing to or meeting with and requesting documentation from governments and actors who have signed peace agreements, or mediators involved in conflicts. 

  • See more on sources here.
  • Download an Excel export of all sources by peace agreement here.
  • For Notice and Takedown Policy see here.

How do I use PA-X? See more here.

  • See video demonstrating PA-X search capabilities here.

How do I cite PA-X?

PA-X (2017). Peace Agreements Database and Access Tool, Version 1. Political Settlements Research Programme, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh. www.peaceagreements.org

Bell, Christine, Sanja Badanjak, Robert Forster, Astrid Jamar, Jan Pospisil, Laura Wise (2017). PA-X Codebook, Version 1. Political Settlements Research Programme, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh. www.peaceagrements.org

If you are using a PA-X copyrighted translation please acknowledge the translation as Agreement name and date, (Unofficial translation, PA-X Peace Agreement Database www.peaceagreements.org).  You may attach translated pdfs of translations but only in the original PA-X format with the copyright header.


Get in Contact

We invite feedback, comments, suggestions, and ideas that would help us make Version 2 even better. We are particularly interested to hear if there are any documents that you think should be part of PA-X, or if you find that there is scope for cooperation. We would also like to know if the PA-X data are being used in other research projects, or if they have inspired similar endeavours. Get in touch at PoliticalSettlements@ed.ac.uk

Additional Resources

For full printable version of instructions and background information see here.

The University of Edinburgh