Agreement between the GoN and the Adivasi Tharu Community agitating in the Terai and Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahsangha

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement between the GoN and the Adivasi Tharu Community agitating in the Terai and Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahsangha
Date
14/03/2009
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Sd.
Laxman Tharu
Talks Team Coordinator
Tharuhat Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti and Adivasi Sangha

Sd.
Baburam Chaudhary
Talks Team Coordinator
Nepal Loktantrik Tharu Sangha

Sd.
Rajkumar Lekhi
Talks Team Coordinator
General Secretary
Tharu Kalyankari Sabha

Sd.
Pasang Sherpa
Chairperson
Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha

Sd.
Janardhan Sharma
‘Prabhakar’
Talks Team Coordinator
Minister
Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction Government of Nepal

Sd.
Indrajeet Tharu
Talks Team Coordinator
General Secretary
Tharu Rastriya Mukti Morcha Nepal

Third parties
Description
An agreement between the Governmet of Nepal, the Adivasi Tharu Community, and the Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahsangha to amend the Interim Constitution

Agreement document
NP_090314_GoN and Adivasi Tharu.pdf

Main category
Page 1, 2: Remaining committed to the provision of Clause (d1) of Article 33 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 that mentions ‘to enable Madheshi, Dalits, indigenous ethnic groups [Adivasi Janajati], women, labourers, farmers, the physically impaired, disadvantages classes and disadvantaged regions to participate in all organs of the State structure on the basis of proportional inclusion’, the Acts issued through ordinances, including the Police Act, the Armed Police Act, the Army Act, the Education Act, the Development Act, the Health Services Act and the Nepal Essential Services Act, shall be amended by following the necessary process.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, 2: Remaining committed to the provision of Clause (d1) of Article 33 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 that mentions ‘to enable Madheshi, Dalits, indigenous ethnic groups [Adivasi Janajati], women, labourers, farmers, the physically impaired, disadvantages classes and disadvantaged regions to participate in all organs of the State structure on the basis of proportional inclusion’, the Acts issued through ordinances, including the Police Act, the Armed Police Act, the Army Act, the Education Act, the Development Act, the Health Services Act and the Nepal Essential Services Act, shall be amended by following the necessary process.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh